Situated at the very center of the ancient spice routes of the Orient, Romania is a picturesque country with snow-capped mountains, agricultural plains, and coastal beaches. Located in Eastern Europe, Romania is bordered by Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Ukraine, as well as the Black Sea.
Romania is home to over 20 million people. There are primarily two groups of people living in Romania, Romanians and the Roma (or Gypsies), as well as Hungarians and Germans. The Romanian people are friendly and hard-working and place great importance on time spent with family. They live a more simple way of life but they make certain that their children receive a thorough education, and they have great hopes for the future. Most are Romanian Orthodox in religion and attend beautiful churches in every village.
The Roma people were originally brought from India as slaves over 1000 years ago. Over time they migrated throughout Europe and kept their own language and culture. The Roma developed a reputation for fortune-telling and thievery and were persecuted in almost every country they entered. Even today, they face much discrimination throughout the world. There are over 2 million Roma living in Romania. Most of them are extremely poor, and more than half of the adults cannot read or write.
- Land Area: Approx. 92,000 sq. mi. (similar to Ohio and Pennsylvania combined)
- Population: 21,529,967 (July 2017 est.)
- Ethnic Groups: Romanian 83.4%, Hungarian 6.1%, Roma (Gypsy) 3.1%
- Languages: Romanian 85.4% (official), Hungarian 6.3%, Romani (Gypsy) 1.2%, other 1%
- Religions: Eastern Orthodox 81.9%, Protestant 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%
- Agriculture Products: wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes, eggs, sheep
- Industries: textiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining
*Source: CIA World Factbook